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Using Java for Web Development (Servlets and JSP)

By Swann
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Published on
Using Java for Web Development


Java, a versatile and widely-used programming language, extends its capabilities into web development through technologies like Servlets and JavaServer Pages (JSP). With the ability to create dynamic, secure, and platform-independent web applications, Java has established itself as a robust choice for web development.

Java Servlets: The Building Blocks of Web Applications

What are Servlets?

Java Servlets are server-side programs that handle requests, manage sessions, and deliver responses in the form of web pages to clients.

Lifecycle of a Servlet

  1. Initialization: The servlet is loaded and initialized by calling the init method.
  2. Request Handling: The service method is invoked to process client requests.
  3. Destruction: Upon shutting down, the destroy method is called.

Practical Implementation

Servlets handle GET and POST requests, manage cookies and sessions, and can forward responses to JSP for dynamic web page generation.

JavaServer Pages (JSP): Creating Dynamic Web Content

Understanding JSP

JSP enables embedding Java directly into HTML pages. It allows for the creation of dynamic, user-centric web content by integrating Java code for logic and HTML for presentation.

JSP Directives, Scriptlets, and Expressions

  • Directives: Provide global settings for a JSP page (<%@ page %>).
  • Scriptlets: Allow embedding Java code within HTML (<% %>).
  • Expressions: Enable outputting data onto the client's web browser (<%= %>).

JSP Actions and Beans

JSP supports custom tags that facilitate interaction with Java beans and enable functionality like forwarding requests.

Integrating Servlets and JSP: A Synergistic Approach

By combining Servlets and JSP, developers can separate business logic from presentation logic, enhancing maintainability and scalability. Servlets manage the control flow, handle client requests, and perform backend processing, while JSP deals with rendering and presenting the data.


Java, with Servlets and JSP, provides a comprehensive platform for web development, allowing for the creation of secure, performant, and interactive web applications. By understanding the core concepts and integrating Servlets and JSP effectively, developers can harness the power of Java in building scalable and dynamic web applications.

Additional Resources

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