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Control Flow: Loops in Java

By Swann
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Published on
Loops in Java


Loops play a pivotal role in Java programming, enabling developers to execute a block of code repeatedly, thereby making programs more dynamic and resourceful. Grasping the concept of loops is imperative for creating efficient and interactive applications.

while Loop

The while loop continuously executes a block of statements while a particular condition is true.

while (counter < 5) {
    System.out.println("Counter: " + counter);

do-while Loop

Unlike the while loop, the do-while loop ensures that the code block is executed at least once before checking the condition.

do {
    System.out.println("Counter: " + counter);
} while (counter < 5);

for Loop

The for loop provides a concise structure, with the initialization, condition check, and iteration statement all in a single line, making it efficient and readable.

for(int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
    System.out.println("Counter: " + i);

Enhanced for Loop

Java introduced an enhanced for loop, used to traverse array and collection elements. It eliminates the need for a loop counter.

int[] numbers = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
for(int number : numbers) {
    System.out.println("Number: " + number);

break and continue Statements

  • The break statement exits the loop prematurely when a certain condition is met.
  • The continue statement skips the rest of the loop’s body and proceeds to the next iteration.
for(int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
    if(i == 2) {
    System.out.println("Counter: " + i);

Nested Loops

Loops can be nested to achieve complex, multi-level iterations, such as two-dimensional array traversal.

for(int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
    for(int j = 0; j < 5; j++) {
        System.out.print(i + "," + j + " ");


Mastering loops in Java provides developers the capability to create more efficient, dynamic, and intelligent applications. Whether it's iterating through data structures, repeating actions, or creating repetitive UI elements, loops become a fundamental tool in a developer's toolkit.

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